The need to remember the past and preserve history is as old as history itself. Art has been inscribed in the production of memories through multiple formats like monuments, memorials and antimonuments, and in works that aim to build, preserve, materialize, or even edit memory.
History and memory hold many affinities, and some differences. French historian, Pierre Nora, affirms that these two concepts, rather than being synonymous, are opposites. Memory is in constant transformation, it is forgotten and remembered according to the dialectic of the moment. On the other hand, history is a reconstruction of what is no longer there, and is therefore always incomplete. Memory is a phenomenon of the present, history a representation of the past. Memory is absolute, while history is relative. 1